FSI Wiki Articles

Oranges

Fresh sweet oranges are a low calorie (60 calories per 1 medium peeled orange), nutritious source of vitamin C (120% Daily Value (DV), fiber (12% DV), vitamin A (6% DV), and calcium (6% DV).
Orange juice has been implicated in 10 reported outbreaks, during which 810 persons became ill, in the United States from 1998 through 2012. Read more

Oysters

Key Facts Oysters are a keystone species. They help protect the coastline, clean the water, and provide a habitat for many other species such as fish, shrimp, and crabs. Oysters are among Florida’s top commercial seafood products in terms of dockside value. There are many harvesting and processing techniques. To ensure the prevention of foodborne disease outbreaks, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) plans must be in place for processing, packaging, and storage of oysters. Oysters are filter feeders and may harbor harmful pathogens, such as Vibrio spp., norovirus, and Hepatitis A in their tissue. These pathogens are associated Read more

Peppers

Key Facts Introduction Foodborne Outbreaks Production Food Safety Consumption References  

Pomegranates

Key Facts Due to high amounts of antioxidants, vitamins, potassium, folic acid and iron, pomegranates are frequently categorized as ‘superfoods’. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed as of September 20, 2013 that approximately 162 people, primarily in the western U.S., became ill after consuming contaminated pomegranate arils. The interior of the fruit is segmented by membranous walls into compartments packed with red, pink, or white flavorful pulp-filled sacs (arils). Ready-to-eat arils in plastic cups have become popular because of their convenience, unique taste, and health benefits. Pomegranate roots and stems are not believed to be safe and should Read more

Potatoes

potatoes

Key Facts The potato is the top non-grain food crop in the world (following corn, wheat and rice) and the number one vegetable crop in the U.S. Native to South America, potatoes have been cultivated for many centuries and belong to the Solanaceae family. Potatoes are an important source of several nutrients, especially Vitamin C. A single medium sized potato provides nearly half the daily adult requirement (100 mg) of Vitamin C and it is also a source of Vitamin B6, niacin, and potassium. Pound for pound, potatoes are one of the best values in the produce section. In general, Read more

Romaine Lettuce

OUTBREAK ALERT As of April 12, 2018, 11 states have reported individuals infected with the Shiga toxin-producing strain of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coliO157:H7). The multistate outbreak has been linked to chopped romaine lettuce produced in Yuma, AZ. There have been 35 infections reported with 22 persons hospitalized and no reported deaths. Key Facts Romaine lettuce accounts for 30% of the lettuce consumed in the United States. Between 1990 and 2009, per capita consumption increased from 1.2 to 7.7 pounds per person. From 2010 to 2013, three outbreaks accounted for over 700 illnesses due to enteric pathogen contamination. Very little product in the Read more

Sprouts

Key Facts Edible sprouts such as alfalfa, broccoli, mung bean, and radish sprouts, are excellent sources of antioxidants, essential amino acids, and a handful of nourishing vitamins and minerals. As such, sprouts have been championed by foodies as a veritable “superfood” in recent years and have gained significant popularity in the natural food world and beyond. Despite their nutritional advantages, sprouts carry a serious risk of foodborne illness. Seeds and beans need warm and humid conditions to sprout and grow. These conditions are also ideal for the growth of bacteria, including Salmonella, Listeria, and E. coli. Raw or lightly cooked Read more

Strawberries

Strawberries are grown in every state in the U.S. and almost every country in the world. They are an excellent source of nutrients and are a great addition to a healthy diet. Strawberries have been associated with several foodborne illnesses highlighting the importance of following recommended food safety practices from the farm to the table. Read more

Sunflower Seeds and Oil

  Key Facts Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is one of the few crop species that originated in North America Native Americans domesticated the crop around 1000 BC 85% of the North American sunflower seed is still produced in North and South Dakota and Minnesota. Sunflowers grow best in locations with full sun. They are remarkably tough and will grow in any kind of soil as long as it is not waterlogged. Since 2008/09, U.S. sunflower seed exports are primarily sent to Canada, Japan, and Mexico. Europeans eat sunflower seeds one at a time, therefore, they like the seeds that are three-quarters Read more