FSI Wiki Articles

Oysters

Oystermen tonging in Apalachicola Bay, FL. Source: Tampa Bay Times

Key Facts Oysters are a keystone species. They help protect the coastline, clean the water, and provide a habitat for many other species such as fish, shrimp, and crabs. Oysters are among Florida’s top commercial seafood products in terms of dockside value. There are many harvesting and processing techniques. To ensure the prevention of foodborne disease outbreaks, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) plans must be in place for processing, packaging, and storage of oysters. Oysters are filter feeders and may harbor harmful pathogens, such as Vibrio spp., norovirus, and Hepatitis A in their tissue. These pathogens are associated Read more

Peppers

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Key Facts Introduction Foodborne Outbreaks Production Food Safety Consumption References  

Pomegranates

Photo from http://granatumplus.co.uk/

Key Facts Due to high amounts of antioxidants, vitamins, potassium, folic acid and iron, pomegranates are frequently categorized as ‘superfoods’. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed as of September 20, 2013 that approximately 162 people, primarily in the western U.S., became ill after consuming contaminated pomegranate arils. The interior of the fruit is segmented by membranous walls into compartments packed with red, pink, or white flavorful pulp-filled sacs (arils). Ready-to-eat arils in plastic cups have become popular because of their convenience, unique taste, and health benefits. Pomegranate roots and stems are not believed to be safe and should Read more

Potatoes

potatoes

Key Facts The potato is the top non-grain food crop in the world (following corn, wheat and rice) and the number one vegetable crop in the U.S. Native to South America, potatoes have been cultivated for many centuries and belong to the Solanaceae family. Potatoes are an important source of several nutrients, especially Vitamin C. A single medium sized potato provides nearly half the daily adult requirement (100 mg) of Vitamin C and it is also a source of Vitamin B6, niacin, and potassium. Pound for pound, potatoes are one of the best values in the produce section. In general, Read more

Sprouts

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Key Facts Edible sprouts such as alfalfa, broccoli, mung bean, and radish sprouts, are excellent sources of antioxidants, essential amino acids, and a handful of nourishing vitamins and minerals. As such, sprouts have been championed by foodies as a veritable “superfood” in recent years and have gained significant popularity in the natural food world and beyond. Despite their nutritional advantages, sprouts carry a serious risk of foodborne illness. Seeds and beans need warm and humid conditions to sprout and grow. These conditions are also ideal for the growth of bacteria, including Salmonella, Listeria, and E. coli. Raw or lightly cooked Read more

Strawberries

strawberries

Strawberries are grown in every state in the U.S. and almost every country in the world. They are an excellent source of nutrients and are a great addition to a healthy diet. Strawberries have been associated with several foodborne illnesses highlighting the importance of following recommended food safety practices from the farm to the table. Read more

Sunflower Seeds and Oil

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  Sunflower Seeds Key Facts Introduction (Basic topic information, botanical family, commodity group) Foodborne Outbreaks (Pathogens and or toxins associated with this food, contributing factors) Production (Where or how much is produced in US. How much is imported?) Food Safety (contamination risk, sanitization, safe consumption) Consumption (How much is consumed in the US? How is it consumed?) Nutrition (Nutritional, culinary or cultural attributes) References Key Facts Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is one of the few crop species that originated in North America Native Americans domesticated the crop around 1000 BC 85% of the North American sunflower seed is still produced in Read more

Sweet Corn

Photo by https://flic.kr/p/5dGLGy

Key Facts Fresh-cut sweet corn kernels are extremely perishable, with very high respiration rates, making proper temperature control critical. While there are concerns regarding various mycotoxins in field corn fed to animals, there is minimal risk associated with mycotoxins in sweet corn consumed by humans. According to the FDA, minimal traces of, fumonisins (a type mycotoxin), have been found in sweet corn (4-82 ppb). It is not uncommon for fresh corn to be preserved via canning. However, improper home-canning practices can leave low-acid foods, such as corn, at risk of developing C. botulinum. Corn cannot be safely canned using a boiling water bath, Read more

Wine

wine-grapes

Key Facts • Wine is the preferred alcoholic beverage of 35% of American adults and contributed a record $34.6 billion in sales to the U.S. economy in 2012., • Wine has religious significance, often symbolizing blood or sacrifice. It is commonly used in religious ceremonies, toasts and while cooking. • Wine is produced in all 50 U.S. States in the amount of 18.5 million hectoliters annually. The U.S. is the fourth largest country in wine production following France, Italy, and Spain. • Historically, there have not been any foodborne pathogens associated with finished wine products. The 1985 adulteration of 36 million Read more