Outbreaks and Recalls

2017 Recalls (Source: FDA Recalls and Market Withdrawals)

Blue Ridge Beef Recall of Dog Food Raw Turkey (Recall issued: January 13, 2017)
  • Blue Ridge Beef issued a voluntarily recall of its frozen raw turkey with bone product for potential contamination with Listeria monocytogenes
  • Recalled product is sold in 2 lb chubs, from lot #103mfd12716
  • Recalled product was distributed to retail stores in 4 states (NC, SC, GA, FL)
  • Listeria is a risk to both the animals eating contaminated product and humans who handle the product
Hy-Vee Recall of Candy Tray Products (Recall issued: January 12, 2017)
  • Hy-Vee, Inc. released a voluntary recall of selected candy tray products produced between October 20, 2016 and December 9, 2016, with a sell by date between January 26, 2017 and February 23, 2017
  • Recall issued after supplier notified company that the milk power ingredient used in the chocolate coating may be contaminated with Salmonella
  • Products were distributed to Hy-Vee’s 242 grocery stores across the 8 state region (IA, IL, MO, KS, NE, SD, MN, WI)
Hostess Brand Recall of Holiday White Peppermint Twinkies (Recall issued: January 9, 2017)
  • Hostess Brand, LLC released a recall on their multipack box White Peppermint Hostess Twinkies
  • Recall issued after supplier notified company that the milk powder ingredient used in the confectionary coating my be contaminated with Salmonella
  • To date, no illnesses have been reported
  • To date, none of the confectionary coating samples have tested positive for Salmonella
Palmer Candy Company Recall of Select Candy Products (Recall issued: January 9, 2017)
  • Voluntary recall of products produced between October 20, 1067 and December 9, 2016
  • Recall released after supplier notified company that the milk powder ingredient used in specific products has the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella
  • Palmer Candy Company products are shipped to grocery stores, convenience stores, and wholesale nationwide
Dutch Valley Food Distributors, Inc Recall of Cappuccino Snack Mix (Recall issued: January 4, 2017)
  • Dutch Valley issued a voluntary recall of their Cappuccino Snack Mix after an ingredient supplier recall due to potential Salmonella

A Year in Review: Selected 2016 Multi-State Outbreaks (Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Salmonella Oranienburg associated with shell eggs
  • 8 cases, 2 hospitalizations, 0 deaths
  • Confirmed cases in 3 states: Illinois, Kansas, Missouri
  • Illness onset ranging from April 23, 2016-August 24, 2016
  • Median age: 44 years (range 1-85 years)
  • % Female = 63%
  • Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback investigation implicated whole shell eggs distributed by the Good Earth Egg Company (Bonne Terre, MO)
  • Good Earth Egg Company recalled all of it’s shelled eggs on October 23, 2016

Read the CDC report: https://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/oranienburg-10-16/index.html

Click here to learn more about egg production and food safety risk.


Shiga-Toxin Producing E.coli O157:H7 associated with beef products
  • 11 cases, 7 hospitalizations, 1 case who developed hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), 0 deaths
  • Confirmed cases in 5 states: Connecticut, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia
  • Illness onset ranging from June 27, 2016-September 10, 2016
  • Median age: 32 years (range 1-74 years)
  • % Female = 45%
  • Investigation implicated beef products produced by Adams Farm Slaughterhouse (Athol, MA)
  • Leftover ground beef from an ill person’s home and a restaurant both tested positive for the STEC O157:H7 outbreak strain
  • Adams Farm Slaughterhouse recalled a variety of their beef, veal, and bison products on September 24, 2016
  • CDC recommends the disposal of any implicated products if still being stored in freezers

Read the CDC report: https://www.cdc.gov/ecoli/2016/o157h7-09-16/index.html


Hepatitis A associated with frozen strawberries
  • 143 cases, 56 hospitalizations, 0 deaths
  • Confirmed cases in 9 states: Arkansas, California, Maryland, North Carolina, New York, Oregon, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
  • 129 cases reported consuming smoothies from the Tropical Smoothie Cafe chain
    • Last onset date from smoothie shop exposure was on September 23, 2016
  • 14 cases reported no direct exposure to the Tropical Smoothie Cafe
    • Last onset date was on October 25, 2016
  • The majority of cases were located near the East Coast, with 109 cases from Virginia alone
  • Frozen strawberries from Egypt, imported by the International Company for Agricultural Production & Processing (ICAPP) were implicated in this outbreak
  • As a precautionary measure, Tropical Smoothie Cafe removed ICAPP strawberries and switched suppliers on August 8, 2016
  • On October 30, 2016, ICAPP recalled all frozen strawberries imported since January 1, 2016

Read the CDC report: https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/outbreaks/2016/hav-strawberries.htm

Click here to learn more about strawberry production and food safety risk.


Salmonella Reading and Salmonella Abony associated with alfalfa sprouts
  • 36 cases, 7 hospitalizations, 0 deaths
  • Confirmed cases in 9 states: Colorado, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, Oregon, Texas, Wyoming
    • Majority of cases located in Colorado
  • 30 cases positive for Salmonella Reading, 1 case positive for Salmonella Abony, and 5 positive for both serotypes
  • Illness onset ranging from May 21, 2016-September 10, 2016
  • Median age: 30 years (range 1-72 years)
  • % Female = 56%
  • Epidemiologic and traceback investigation implicated alfalfa sprouts from Sprouts Extraordinaire (Denver, CO)
  • Sprouts Extraordinaire recalled “5-lb Living Alfalfa” product for possible Salmonella contamination on August 5, 2016

Read the CDC report: https://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/reading-08-16/index.html

Click here to learn more about sprout production and food safety risk.


Shiga-Toxin Producing E.coli O121 & O26 associated with flour
  • 63 cases, 17 hospitalizations, 1 case who developed hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), 0 deaths
  • Confirmed cases in 24 states: AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, IA, IL, IN, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, NE, NY, OK, OR, PA, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI
  • Illness onset ranging from December 21, 2015-September 15, 2016
  • Median age: 18 years (1-95 years)
  • % Female = 76%
  • Epidemiologic, lab, and traceback investigation implicated Gold Medal Brand flour, produced at a General Mills facility (Kansas City, MO)
  • General Mills released the first recall of Gold Medal Brand flour on May 31, 2016. Additional laboratory testing led to subsequent recalls of flour with expanded production dates. Final recall was released on July 25, 2016.
  • Although the outbreak has concluded, it is possible for individuals to become ill if they still use the shelf stable product

Read the CDC report: https://www.cdc.gov/ecoli/2016/o121-06-16/index.html


Listeria monocytogenes associated with frozen vegetables
  • 9 cases, 9 hospitalizations, 3 deaths
  • Confirmed cases in 4 states: California, Connecticut, Missouri, Washington
  • First illness onset on September 13, 2013, final onset date on May 3, 2016
    • 3 cases from 2013-2015 and 3 cases in 2016
  • Median age: 76 years (range 56-91 years)
  • % Female = 78%
  • Epidemiologic and lab investigation implicated frozen vegetables produced by CRF Frozen Foods (Pasco, WA) and sold under a variety of brand name
  • CRF Frozen Foods released the initial recall of 11 products on April 23, 2016. On May 2, 2016, they expanded the recall to all organic and traditional frozen vegetables and fruit products.

Read the CDC report: https://www.cdc.gov/listeria/outbreaks/frozen-vegetables-05-16/index.html


Listeria monocytogenes associated with raw milk
  • 2 cases, 2 hospitalizations, 1 death
  • Confirmed cases from California and Florida
  • Illness onset occurred in 2014, but source identification wasn’t until January 29, 2016
    • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) notified the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that whole genome sequencing results from a raw chocolate milk sample from Miller’s Organic Farm matched the Listeria monocytogenes patterns of the 2014 cases
  • Epidemiologic and laboratory findings implicated raw milk from Miller’s Organic Farm (Bird-in-Hand, PA)

Read CDC report: https://www.cdc.gov/listeria/outbreaks/raw-milk-03-16/index.html


Salmonella Virchow associated with organic shake & meal products

  • 33 cases, 6 hospitalizations, 0 deaths
  • Confirmed cases in 23 states
  • Illness onset ranging from December 5, 2015 – March 18, 2016
  • Median age: 35 yers (range 1-84 years)
  • % Female = 53%
  • Epidemiologic and lab investigation implicated RAW Meal Organic Shake & Meal Products, produced by Garden of Life, LLC
  • Garden of Life, LLC released an initial recall on January 29, 2016
  • After the FDA confirmed positive Salmonella Virchow from the organic moringa leaf powder used in the products, the Garden of Life, LLC expanded their recall on February 12, 2016

Read the CDC report: https://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/virchow-02-16/index.html